Extremely Low Income is only one of six different low income subsidized housing categories. It is for those earning 30% (or less ) of median income. This category is primarily for homeless transitional housing.
The information provided is 2009 data, so the numbers have increased since then. One very important thing to keep in mind while looking at these is that best practice in Urban Design is to not concentrate low income housing beyond the county average. King county average is around 12%. The reason for this is that it risks the creation of a "ghetto", creating an economic downward spiral that locks people in a cycle of poverty and hopelessness. The Hope IV projects ( New Holly, Rainier Vista, High Point ) were all planned around these standard Urban Design practices by finding balance points for housing that was "market rate" with low income housing. They also planned for other aspects of a healthy community like social gathering spots for the community with city supported programming as well as efforts to encourage economic development. The same concept is being applied to the Yesler Terrace redo. This standard is not being applied to the greater Lake City area or the Lake City Hub Urban Village.
The City of Seattle's Office of Housing has arbitrarily set this balance point at 20% and has made public statements that they reserve the right to go above that if they deem it appropriate.
To see the maps in detail, click to expand and zoom in.
This first map is by District. We are the fifth highest of 13 districts for concentration of Extremely Low Income Housing, just behind Duwamish, Delridge, First Hill, and Downtown. We are just slightly above the city average of 3.9%
The second map is by the next smallest geographic area: by neighborhood. The Cedar Park / Meadowbrook neighborhood making up the east side of Lake City has 484 Extremely Low Income housing units. This puts East Lake City at the 7th highest out of 54 neighborhoods in concentration of ELI housing - behind New Holly, First Hill, Belltown, High Point, Downtown, and Pioneer Square. East Lake City is twice the city average for ELI.
The third map is ELI distribution by Census Tract, the next smallest geographic area. The overall focus area is reduced to north of the ship canal. Of the 54 census tracts, Lake City has 4 that are above the average of 2.4%. They rank 2nd, 3rd, 7th, and 16th at 11.8%, 9.2%, 5.6%, and 3.1% respectively. The first rank goes to the housing at Magnusen Park, which is a little deceptive as the quantity of ELI housing and overall housing units is much lower. The proportional bubbles show the relationship of QUANTITY.
Another important thing to note is how many census tracts have zero or close to zero ELI housing. This is no accident, and it is disturbing to hear people from neighborhoods south of us tell us that we are being NIMBYs when quite the opposite is true.
The fourth map shows all Low Income Housing categories ( 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 65%, and 80% ) in the same focus area. Note the imbalance between the areas north and south of 85th. This is a critical distinction to make, as 85th marks a sharp division in an important public amenity - sidewalks. over 90% of the block faces ( one side of a street ) north of 85th have no sidewalks. It is almost the opposite south of 85th where over 90% HAVE sidewalks.
The fifth map shows the distribution of ELI housing by Census Block Group, the next smallest area. Census Block Groups 1.3, 1.4, 8.1 and 10.1 come in at 9.9%, 17.3%, 41.4%, and 10.2% ELI as a percentage of the total housing stock. This is just for the ELI homeless transitional housing category of Low Income subsidized, only one of 6 categories.
The sixth map focuses on the Lake City Hub Urban Village. The next smallest demographic area is the Census Block. Those are shown outlined in green. Census Tract boundaries are in heavy green. The green numbers are CensusTract:BlockGroup:Block. The red star on the left is the Fire Station 39 site where the City is proposing the development of 50 more ELI homeless transitional units. The red star on the right is the 21 unit ELI housing for homeless vets with dual diagnosis. The Mennonites also have stated that they are exploring developing the property their church sits on as additional ELI homeless housing.
Keep in mind also that these numbers do not include Section 8 subsidies or privately funded subsidized housing like Oxford House.
Here are the stats for the housing stock inside of the HUV ( info from King County ):
34 single family homes
2505 total housing units.
Percentage of housing units that are rentals: 78%
City average of rentals to housing stock: 50%
Number of low income subsidized rentals ( all six categories ): 505
Number of those that are Extremely Low Income units: 251Percent of rental stock that is low income subsidized: 26%
Percent of rental stock that is ELI subsidized: 13%
So the Office of Housing and Seattle Housing Authority have exceeded their balance point in the HUV by 6% and have exceeded the county average by 1% with just the homeless transitional housing stock. We have been accused as a community of being NIMBYs for requesting a moratorium on any further subsidized low income housing in our area, which is absurd when faced with these facts.
One more further division to make. The Office of Housing is trying to justify the inclusion of more ELI housing at the Fire Station 39 location by saying that Census Tract 2 can absorb more. The stats below are for the area of the HUV that includes Census Tracts 1 & 2 ( the area north of 125th ).
Number of apartments: 1183
Number of low income subsidized rentals ( all six categories ): 495
Number of those that are Extremely Low Income units: 251
Number of ELI with FS39 and Valor Apartments: 322
Percent of rental stock that is low income subsidized: 42%
Percent of rental stock that is ELI subsidized: 21%
Percent it will be with valor and FS39: 27%
That really should give pause to anyone. That is 27% of the rental stock ( which is nearly 80% of all the housing stock ) will be for homeless transitional housing in our Hub Urban Village.